AskDefine | Define avoid

Dictionary Definition

avoid

Verb

1 stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something; "Her former friends now avoid her" [ant: confront]
2 prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening; "Let's avoid a confrontation"; "head off a confrontation"; "avert a strike" [syn: debar, obviate, deflect, avert, head off, stave off, fend off, ward off]
3 refrain from doing something; "She refrains from calling her therapist too often"; "He should avoid publishing his wife's memoires"
4 refrain from certain foods or beverages; "I keep off drugs"; "During Ramadan, Muslims avoid tobacco during the day" [syn: keep off]
5 declare invalid; "The contract was annulled"; "void a plea" [syn: invalidate, annul, quash, void, nullify] [ant: validate]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /əˈvɔɪd/, /@"vOId/
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪd

Verb

  1. To keep away from; to keep clear of; to endeavor not to meet; to shun; to abstain from; as, to avoid the company of gamesters.
  2. To empty.
  3. To emit or throw out; to void; as, to avoid excretions.
  4. To quit or evacuate; to withdraw from.
  5. To make void; to annul or vacate; to refute (esp. a contract).
  6. To get rid of.
  7. To defeat or evade; to invalidate. Thus, in a replication, the plaintiff may deny the defendant's plea, or confess it, and avoid it by stating new matter.
  8. To retire; to withdraw.
  9. To become void or vacant.

Usage notes

Translations

to keep away from
Hungarian: elkerül

Extensive Definition

In law, a transaction or action which is voidable is valid, but may be annulled by one of the parties to the transaction. Voidable is usually used in distinction to void ab initio (or void from the outset) and unenforceable.
The act of invalidating the contract by the party exercising its rights to anul the voidable contract is usually referred to either as voiding the contract (in the United States and Canada) or avoiding the contract (in the United Kingdom, Australia and other common law countries).
Black's Law Dictionary (relevant to US law) defines voidable as follows:
Generally speaking, one party will have the right to elect whether to annul the transaction or to affirm it. The avoiding of a voidable transaction amounts to the rescinding it, or exercising a power of rescission, and as such is subject to the general law in that regard.
The right to rescind can be lost. In common law there are generally said to be four "bars" to rescission, any one of which will cause the agreement to no longer be considered voidable.
  1. delay
  2. affirmation (or ratification)
  3. restitutio in integrum being impossible
  4. third party rights
Although the law varies from country to country, most disputes relating to whether a transaction is void or voidable turn on the ability to transfer title to goods. In many jurisdictions, if a transaction is valid, but voidable, title to good still passes under the transaction, and the recipient may sell them with good title. If the transaction is void, no title passes, and the original seller can reclaim the goods.

Footnotes

See also

avoid in German: Anfechtung
avoid in Dutch: Vernietigbaarheid

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abstain, abstain from, avert, be stuck-up, bilk, blench, blink, circumvent, cringe, debar, deflect, divert, do without, dodge, double, draw back, duck, elude, escape, eschew, evade, exclude, fade, fall back, fight shy of, flinch, forbear, forbid, forgo, give place to, hang back, hold aloof, hold aloof from, hold back, jib, keep aloof, keep away from, keep clear of, keep from, keep hands off, keep off, keep remote from, leave alone, let alone, let go by, make way for, never touch, not meddle with, not touch, obviate, pass up, preclude, prevent, prohibit, pull back, quail, recoil, reel back, refrain, refrain from, retreat, sheer off, shrink, shrink back, shun, shy, sidestep, spare, stand aloof, stand aloof from, start aside, start back, stay detached from, steer clear of, swerve, turn aside, turn away from, ward off, weasel, weasel out, wince, withhold
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